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周玉亮谈SAT词汇突破策略

留学快车整理  09-09-03 00:00:00 责任编辑:张燕 我要评论 选校
SAT考试的特点,要求词汇量大,但是对词汇把握的深度教低,完全可以通过短期的强化记忆突破词汇1万,轻松应对SAT考试,尤其是词汇部分的考试。周玉亮-SAT词汇记忆口诀“改变记忆单位赋予你的理解构建词语联系”;也就是通过词根词缀、谐音记忆、联想记忆、分拆组合等方法将一个单词分解开。轻松突破词汇难关、从容应对SAT考试。请看以下SAT高频词汇:

fallacious adj. 错误的,谬误的

首先看该词中含有我们熟悉的单词fall, fall的基本意思:掉下来,摔跟斗;人生难免摔跟斗,出错误;所以英文中含有fall有错误的意思,大家可以联系下相关词汇false, fault, faulty; 实在fallacious 来自名词fallacy (错误,谬误),fallacy 可以理解为fall+acy, -acy 一般是表示名词的后缀。顺带扩充下fallible(轻易出错的)infallible(永不出错的)。大家知道美语里面fall还有秋天的意思,为什么呢?秋天果实成熟了,就要fall(掉下来)了.

consensus n. 共叫

这个词一看三部分 con-, -sens-,-us. 大家知道英文中co系列的前缀指的是together 一起的意思,包括co-, con-, com-, cor-等形式。Sense 本身也是一个单词,表示‘感觉’等意思。-us做后缀一般表示名词,如status(地位)。所以整个词consensus表示大家都感觉是一致的,共叫。英文中-sens- 和 –sent- 作为词根都表示“sense”。更多单词如:sensible, sensitive, consent(同意),resent(反感),sentiment(情感), sentimental(多愁善感的), presentiment(预感)等。

discordant adj 不和的不调和的

同样该词由三部分构成;dis-表示否定;-cord-作为词根表示“心”,-ant-一般是形容词或名词结尾。大家可以联想下core(核心),concord(协和),accord(一致),dicord (不和),实在英语中-card-也可表示“心”; electrocardiogram大家能猜到意思吗?心电图。

embellish vt 美化,装饰

em-前缀,表示外面outsite, 英文中ex-相关的前缀很多,表示outside, 或者说当我们看到e开头的单词基本都包含这个意思。中间这个-bell-联系一下belle (美丽,美女) 到处能看到百丽的广告“由于百丽,所以美丽”。百丽的英文标志为belle. –ish 很好理解,作为后缀表示动词、名词、形容词都有可能。如finish, establish, diminish等等。

更多例词,下次分享。

总之,当我们拿到一个生词的时候,一定要看看其中有没有哪些部分是我们已知的,要善于从部分推导出整个单词的意思。当然,熟悉一定量的词根是必要的,下一讲,我们将一起探讨SAT高频词汇里面最重要的几十个词根。

附件:SAT 高频词汇

abridge
abstemious
abstract
abstruse
accessible
acclaim
acknowledge
adulation
adversary
adversity
advocate
aesthetic
affable
affirmation
alleviate
aloof
altruistic
ambiguous
ambivalence
analogous
anarchist
anecdote
animosity
antagonism
antidote
antiquated
apathy
appease
apprehension
arbitrary
archaic
arrogance
articulate
artifact
artisan
ascendancy
ascetic
aspire
astute
attribute (V)
augment
austere
authoritarian
autonomous
aversion
belie
benevolent
bolster
braggart
brevity
cajole
calculated
candor
capricious
censorious
censure
coercion
commemorate
compile
complacency
compliance
composure
comprehensive
concede
conciliatory
concise
concur
condone
conflagration
confound
consensus
constraint
contend
contentious
contract (V)
conviction
cordial
corroborate
credulity
criterion
cryptic
cursory
curtail
decorum
deference
degradation
delineate
denounce
deplore
depravity
deprecate
deride
derivative
despondent
detached
deterrent
detrimental
devious
devise
diffuse
digression
diligence
diminution
discerning
disclose
discordant
discount (V)
discrepancy
discriminating
disdain
disinclination
dismiss
disparage
disparity
disperse
disputatious
disseminate
dissent
divergent
doctrine
document (V)
dogmatic
dubious
duplicity
eclectic
egotism
elated
eloquence
elusive
embellish
emulate
endorse
enhance
enigma
enmity
ephemeral
equivocal
erroneous
erudite
esoteric
eulogy
euphemism
exacerbate
exalt
execute
exemplary
exemplify
exhaustive
exhilarating
exonerate
expedient
expedite
explicit
exploit (V)
extol
extraneous
extricate
exuberance
facilitate
fallacious
fanaticism
fastidious
feasible
fervor
flagrant
frivolous
frugality
furtive
garrulous
glutton
gratify
gratuitous
gravity
gregarious
guile
gullible
hamper (V)
hardy
haughtiness
hedonist
heresy
hierarchy
homogeneous
hypocritical
hypothetical
idiosyncrasy
illusory
immutable
impair
impeccable
impede
implausible
implement (V)
impudence
inadvertent
inane
incisive
incite
inclusive
incongruous
inconsequential
incorrigible
indict
indifferent
indiscriminate
induce
inert
ingenious
inherent
innate
innocuous
innovation
insipid
instigate
insularity
integrity
intervene
intimidate
intrepid
inundate
invert
ironic
lament
laud
lavish (ADJ)
lethargic
levity
linger
listless
lofty
malicious
marred
materialism
methodical
meticulous
miserly
mitigate
morose
mundane
negate
nonchalance
notoriety
novelty
nurture
obliterate
oblivion
obscure (V)
obstinate
ominous
opaque
opportunist
optimist
opulence
orator
ostentatious
pacifist
partisan
peripheral
perpetuate
pervasive
pessimism
phenomena
philanthropist
piety
placate
ponderous
pragmatic
preclude
precocious
predator
predecessor
presumptuous
pretentious
prevalent
prodigal
profane
profound
profusion
proliferation
prolific
provincial
proximity
prudent
qualified
quandary
ramble
rancor
ratify
rebuttal
recluse
recount
rectify
redundant
refute
relegate
remorse
renounce
repel
reprehensible
reprimand
reprove
repudiate
reserve (N)
resigned
resolution
resolve (N)
restraint
reticence
retract
reverent
rhetorical
rigor
robust
sage
sanction (V)
satirical
saturate
scanty
scrupulous
scrutinize
seclusion
servile
skeptic
sluggish
somber
sporadic
squander
stagnant
static (ADJ)
submissive
subordinate (ADJ)
subside
substantiate
succinct
superficial
superfluous
surpass
surreptitious
susceptible
sustain
sycophant
taciturn
temper (V)
tentative
terse
thrive
tranquillity
transient
trite
turbulence
turmoil
undermine
uniformity
unwarranted
usurp
vacillate
venerate
verbose
vigor
vilify
vindicate
virtuoso
volatile
whimsical
zealot

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